only published study I am aware of about the potential
of cardcounting strategies on chemin de fer was by
Down ton and Lockwood in an article entitled "Computer
Studies of Online Baccarat Games" (Journal of
the Royal Statistical Association, 1975). They tried
adding and removing various combinations of cards
from the shoe in various computer calculations without
finding a situation in which the player had an advantage.
The closest they came was when the deck contained
an extra forty-eight lOs and no 5s, 6s, 7s, or 8s.
They concluded that an excess of l0s and 4s seems
to favor the player, as does a lack of 6s and 7s.
In the light of the work that has been done on American-style
Online Baccarat Games this is hardly surprising, since
as far as the player is concerned the rules are very
similar, and we have already seen that no worthwhile
counting strategy exists for the player in the modern