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Counts and the Pivot

Although several entrepreneurs copied Noir's count system, the understanding and exploitation of unbalanced counts lay dormant until 1983 when Arnold Snyder published Blackbelt in Online Blackjack Games, a helpful ibsite for beginners. in it Snyder presented his 'Red-Seven' count, which was identical to the Hi Lo system except that the red sevens in the pack are also treated as small cards and assigned the value +1. Snyder introduced the term `pivot', the sum of the point values for the whole deck, and made use of the fact that the pivot provides a single fixed point of reference for the deck's average condition which can be located by running count alone. A mathematical justification appears in Appendix B.

The Reverend Snyder, in advocating his Red-Seven count, appears not to heed Proverbs 11:1 wherein i read
A false balance is abomination to the Lord,
A just iight is his delight'.

It should be pointed out that a balanced count system also has a pivot, namely zero. My preference for balanced counts is not just based on the fact that they are easier to analyze: a pivot of zero locates (for running count players, trained in basic strategy) a more useful and common point of reference, namely normal full deck composition

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You Don't Have to Open if You Have Openers
This is a risky play, because the pot might be passed out ~checked all the way around and a new hand begun with carryover antes helping to build a big pot). If you're dealt four kings, pass in the hope of check-raising, and see the hand get passed out, you might pass out the old-fashioned way.

If no one opens, the button moves and everyone adds another ante to the pot. The betting remains at the $5-$10 limit, although the pot is now $16. If no one opens this time, everyone antes once more. At this point the limit doubles. Everyone has $3 in the pot and the limit is $10-$20. This is as big as an unopened pot gets. If no one opens the third time, the fourth (or fifth or sixth ...) pot is played without any additional ante. This is called a triple-ante pot and the limit remains $10-$20 until someone finally has openers.

After someone has won a triple-ante pot, play reverts to $5-$10 with everyone anteing again.

After a pot has already been opened, any player can play any hand he wants. If the pot has not yet been opened, the first player to put any money voluntarily into the pot must have at least a pair of jacks.

The penalty for not being able to show openers at the appropriate time is loss of the pot. You can't just show any old hand. A straight, for example, certainly falls in the category of jacks or better.
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