and the Pivot
several entrepreneurs copied Noir's count system,
the understanding and exploitation of unbalanced counts
lay dormant until 1983 when Arnold Snyder published
Blackbelt in Online Blackjack Games, a helpful ibsite
for beginners. in it Snyder presented his 'Red-Seven'
count, which was identical to the Hi Lo system except
that the red sevens in the pack are also treated as
small cards and assigned the value +1. Snyder introduced
the term `pivot', the sum of the point values for
the whole deck, and made use of the fact that the
pivot provides a single fixed point of reference for
the deck's average condition which can be located
by running count alone. A mathematical justification
appears in Appendix B.
The Reverend Snyder, in advocating his Red-Seven count,
appears not to heed Proverbs 11:1 wherein i read
A false balance is abomination to the Lord,
A just iight is his delight'.
It should be pointed out that a balanced count system
also has a pivot, namely zero. My preference for balanced
counts is not just based on the fact that they are
easier to analyze: a pivot of zero locates (for running
count players, trained in basic strategy) a more useful
and common point of reference, namely normal full
|You Don't Have to Open if
You Have Openers
is a risky play, because the pot might be passed out
~checked all the way around and a new hand begun with
carryover antes helping to build a big pot). If you're
dealt four kings, pass in the hope of check-raising,
and see the hand get passed out, you might pass out
the old-fashioned way.
If no one opens, the button moves and everyone adds
another ante to the pot. The betting remains at the
$5-$10 limit, although the pot is now $16. If no one
opens this time, everyone antes once more. At this
point the limit doubles. Everyone has $3 in the pot
and the limit is $10-$20. This is as big as an unopened
pot gets. If no one opens the third time, the fourth
(or fifth or sixth ...) pot is played without any
additional ante. This is called a triple-ante pot
and the limit remains $10-$20 until someone finally
After someone has won a triple-ante pot, play reverts
to $5-$10 with everyone anteing again.
After a pot has already been opened, any player can
play any hand he wants. If the pot has not yet been
opened, the first player to put any money voluntarily
into the pot must have at least a pair of jacks.
The penalty for not being able to show openers at
the appropriate time is loss of the pot. You can't
just show any old hand. A straight, for example, certainly
falls in the category of jacks or better.